10 Guiding Principles for Learning Drawing

principles of drawing

Learning drawing is essential because the act can be defined as the individual’s most natural representation of the surrounding. The power that drawing holds in our world is beyond anyone’s comprehension.

The fast-paced world that leaps more towards modernization, every day, has almost forgotten the artistic skill that painting poses. Due to the fact that painting is primitive, people are not emphasizing their focus or attention towards it.

To add to the worse, the technologically advanced world of today is stacked up with a number of computerized tools that are used for the creation of art.

Although the tools of today cannot be deemed bad, they simply do not have the purity of the art that is produced using the simplest art tools, i.e., pencil and paper that help the most in Learning Drawing.

With the help of a pencil and paper, you can easily draw almost anything, ranging from portraits to landscapes, mountains to forests, or for that matter, anything that you can imagine which is simply incredible.

Drawing is the main form of art that gives rise to all others. It is in actuality a very useful skill to Learn Drawing which all of us should learn.

Tools for Learning Drawing:

There are some tools that you require if you want to learn drawing. They include:

  • Sharpened Pencil (B, 2B, 4B, and further)
  • Sketch Paper
  • Good-quality Eraser

And, your conscience and presence of mind. You simply cannot learn Drawing or any other skill until your mind is not ready.

10 Guiding Principles for Learning

Holding the pen tightly and firmly 

The way in which you hold your pencil is the main factor that will determine how your drawing looks. The best way to hold a pencil is firmly gripping using the same technique that you use to hold charcoal.

10 Guiding Principles for Learning Drawing

How To Hold Pencil

Do not use the point while drawing. However, you can hold the point for getting some types of effects to learn drawing.

Using Stump for Soft Blends

Using Stump for Soft Blends

Using Stumps For Soft Blends


When you try a blending stump, you will surely get an effect signifying soft blending. While doing so, make sure that you do not go too soft while blending. When you do so, the adjacent color will get mixed up, which will lead to the sketch looking clustered.

Mixing Up Different Techniques of Shading

10 Guiding Principles for Learning Drawing

Different Kinds Of Shading

Since there are various types of techniques when it comes to shading, using only one may make your work of art look less appealing. To make it better, mixing up multiple techniques can prove to be helpful.

Examples of a few different techniques of sharing include – cross-hatching, contouring, stripping, etc. These are some of the techniques helpful in Learning Drawing

Opting for Different Approaches when Outlining

Opting For Different Approaches When Outlining

Set of vector animals, rough outlines

Out of the many approaches, you can choose the one that suits you the best. Lines are crucial For Learning drawing since they facilitate the creation of diverse effects. For example, outlining significantly impacts shadows.

Mastering Blending

Mastering Blending


Blending can come in very handy as a drawing skill since it can be used to achieve an artist-like effect while drawing something. The main essence of blending is to soften-out the lines by mixing multiple colors sensibly and carefully.

(More than two colors can be used) The usage of blending facilitates giving your work of art a complete and more finished look. If you want to master your skill of adding a touch of elegance to your drawing, you need to learn the art of blending properly.

Properly-textured Drawing Paper

Properly-Textured Drawing Paper

Texture Drawing

The paper that you use as a surface to draw on must have a good quality, featuring a top-notch texture. It does not take much for an eye-pleasing painting to appear as a threat to the eyes as all it requires is a paper with terrible surface texture.

Another name given to the surface texture of a paper is a tooth or a grain. A smooth surface/tooth or a rough one depends entirely on the effect which you want to portray. Based on your preferences, you can opt for a paper with a particular sort of surface.

Starting Off By Creating an Underdrawing

Starting Off By Creating An Underdrawing


Underdrawing can be defined as a kind of preparatory sketch that an artist prepares right before they start to draw. Underdrawing is also used as a kind of draft that serves as a guide that facilitates finishing a drawing.

To put it more simply, it can be defined as more of a foundation to the drawing that you wish to create. It might be different from what you wish to draw, i.e., it is just a starting point or a groundwork that you lay before painting.

It is important that you let your instincts guide you to draw as drawing is more of a creative activity than a pre-planned periodic one. Overdrawing in actuality is the very first step towards learning drawing. Therefore, it is advised that you be guided by your instincts and not only by underdrawing solely.

Using A Suitable Eraser

Choosing the Right Type Of Eraser

Choosing the Right Type Of Eraser

If you are a beginner who is learning drawing, you are bound to make mistakes as mistakes are inevitable. Therefore, it is necessary that you always have a good-quality eraser handy, whose main essence is to get rid of any mistakes that might come up while you draw.

You must make sure that you have a good eraser since blemishes are not so cool.

Unifying Colors


The layering of colors and presentation matters greatly in your drawing. What really holds your painting or drawing together is how well the colors are unified. Colors are significant in representing the mood of an artist.

Also, color psychology plays a crucial role in our perception of reactions.

Looking Clearly At A Drawing

Looking Clearly At A Drawing

Painting Of Adam and Eve

Never forget to periodically have a glance at your drawing. The process of learning how to draw involves tons of reflections. Doing so will serve as a guide to you and allow you to look at mistakes that may have missed your eye earlier.

Drawing is what allows you to look at the world in a clearer way. Precise photography also cannot compete with the sheer elegance that drawing presents. Perfecting your drawing skills takes a lot of work and dedication.

To master the art, all you need to do is practice relentlessly. Over time, your skills will definitely improve. To hone your craft, you can take the help of the guides stated above in the article and color up your life.


About Urvi Chheda

Urvi Chheda begins to write without the will but ends up writing her mind. She is involved with multiple Art research projects while aiming to indulge in as many as she could undertake. Hardworking and intuitive by nature, she excels in reading and getting through the concepts’ abyss. She has graduated from the Sir JJ School of Art, Mumbai, India.

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