These five famous art movements successfully repackaged the worlds’ adversity and triumphs through their phenomenal artistic works. Besides, they have left a lasting impression on humanity. Their works have endured through centuries yet they still exude the same power.
Read about the five famous art movements that showed spooky depth and iridescent candor in the history of art.
Realism is an art movement, which preceded the Romanticism in the 1950s, after the revolution. Unlike romanticism that sought to exaggerate the status of the rich in society through their art and literature, realism art focused on real-life scenarios as seen by naked eyes.
This movement began in France. They rejected the romanticism ideology of glorification and individualism. Instead, they used the same canvas to honor prominent figures and paint ordinary people of different social classes. The movement rejected the ideal representation of the world and embraced the typical real-life situation that most people were living. Their works mostly reflected the changes imminent after the commercial and industrial revolution.
The realists represented ordinary life with truth and accuracy, without hiding unpleasant aspects. They painted peasants, common laborers, prostitutes and people in their daily line of work. These subjects were previously overlooked in the artworks. The movement endeavored to represent all the social classes in the same way.
Some artworks that stood out in this movement include The Stone Breaker by Gustave Courbet, The Poor Poet by Carl Spitzweg and The Laundress by Honore Daumier, among others. Because of the sincerity, with which realists depicted the world, their legacy still lives on.
Islamic art is associated with countries in the Arabian Peninsula, which were under Islamic rule. Mathematics was the phenomenal contribution of this art movement. Because of their in-depth understanding of complex and advanced mathematical concepts, Islamic art pioneered mosaic patterns, detailed textile patterns, and doomed architecture.
This art movement covered a long period, a variety of genres across different lands. As the Islamic countries were majorly traders, their interaction with the Chinese, Persians and Central Asian countries led to further development of Islamic art through different techniques and styles.
The movement featured calligraphy, Islamic glass, pottery, ceramics, Islamic architecture and furnishings, paintings, miniature, embroidery, carpets, and textiles from a wide range of sources. Some top works featured in this movement include the Taj Mahal in India, Friday Mosque of Herat in Afghanistan, and Dome of the Rock among others.
Gothic art movement developed in the 12th century in northern France, succeeding the Romanesque art from 1000 AD. It was the bridge between Romanesque art and Renaissance art. Because of its architectural design, Gothic art had a huge influence, which led to its spread throughout European countries.
Gothic art was described as flamboyant because of its architectural style that comprised large gothic windows that looked like flames, brightly colored stained glass, and high arches. Gothic art was majorly associated with Christianity. However, the emergence of secular art overrode this perception.
In the 14th century, gothic architecture shifted from the use of black paint and vivid colored glass to using different color palettes on the glass. The sophistication of the gothic architecture continued to evolve throughout the years up to the 16th century when it gave way to Renaissance art.
During this movement, the primary media that gothic art displayed included panel painting, fresco, illuminated manuscripts, and sculptures. To date, the beauty of the stained glass and the intricate architectural design of Gothic art are still appreciated.
Gothic art famous works include the Cathedral of Notre Dame, the manuscript of Decretals of Gratian, the stained glass window, depicting the relics and life of Saint Vincent of Saragossa, just to mention a few.
The classical art of ancient times inspired the Neo-Classism art movement that was witnessed between 1600 and 1700. During this period there was increased travel and emigration in Europe as the continent was undergoing imperial expansion and war. These travels exposed the wealthy Europeans to ancient art and triggered their desire to explore archaeology, ancient texts, antiques, hidden art, anthropology, and lost manuscripts.
This movement came after the fuss of the Rococo art movement that was characterized by elaborate luxurious architectural finishes. French aristocracy embraced the movement so much that it was part of their fashion. Unlike Rococo, Neoclassicism sought to renew the simplicity of the previous art styles.
The movement coincided with the age of reason where people’s focus shifted from the previous governments’ authority to individuality, reason, and self-expression. The ancient Greeks’ and Romans’ simple and harmonious lifestyle as depicted in ancient art and the renaissance art interpretation became the fuel towards creating neoclassicism art movement.
The people ventured into numerous expeditions to discover the wonders of the ancient lands. Their travels lead to the discovery of lost sculpture, hidden arts and ancient art, contributing significantly to history and archaeology. This famous art movement gave birth to Oath of the Horatii by Jacques-Louis David, Hebe by Antonio Canova and Nydia by Randolph Rogers, among others.
Dada and Surrealism
Dadaism and Surrealism are the famous art movements of the early 20th century. The movements had a remarkable influence as they focused on political, societal, and cultural aspects of society.
Dadaism can be traced back to pre-war Europe in 1961 in Zurich, Switzerland. The proponents of this movement created absurd images to depict ridiculous societal values and actions. Collage, cubism, anti-art and the German expressionists and futurism influenced their expressions.
Dadaism went beyond art as the dadaist free thinkers sought to express their ideas through published writings, demonstrations, visual arts, and music. Using these platforms, they projected their beliefs about art, culture, and politics.
Surrealism was born after pre-war Europe. It took over after Dadaism. The Surrealist art movement explored the power of imagination through their artistic representation of objects. They aimed to break the societal restriction on the extent of artistic imagination and liberate individuals’ minds through liberating images. The top works in these art movements include Fountain by Marcel Duchamp, LHOOQ by Marcel Duchamp, At the Rendezvous of Friends by Max Erntz, just to mention a few.
These famous art movements captured the attention of the world and their profound influence in the art industry has been a foundation to modernist art movements.