The world has continued to have its own fair share of dark times and ages. Turmoil plagues and natural disasters have left a huge impact on European history. As time went on, knowledge proves to be the saving grace; a rediscovery, a source of the rebirth of renaissance Art.
These perceptions became much more accessible during the renaissance period after over a millennium. It was also highlighted by art, sciences, astronomy, and numerous other philosophies.
Prior to that, only royal brethren, religious heads, and the clergy have had access to such knowledge until the Renaissance era came about. It gave each and every individual a chance to learn and understand anything that lies within their passion.
This then became a success and has subsequently taken human achievements to the next level.
This is why many Renaissance Art has been referenced to groundbreaking artworks over the years. They were also one of the main reasons why the human populace has increased their love and passion for art.
Historical Significance Of Renaissance Art
Renaissance art was also making major impacts in reshaping the meaning of the art world. Like the classical eras of Rome and the Greek era, this form of art slowly changed and then revolutionized the thinking of people. This brought about human achievement and educational development as well.
Also in 1401, the Arte del Calimala intended to create a new door for the Baptistery of the Florence Cathedral. They also requested that only the greatest artists of the time should be assigned for such an important job.
Arte del Calimala then held a competition because of the numerous applications in which Lorenzo Ghiberti came tops. The artist created what he called “The Gates of Paradise” which was described as the beginning of the Renaissance.
This was because of its brilliant depiction of all it stood for.
The word “renaissance” means “rebirth” and so many changes were reborn and it later dominated countless other philosophies and ideas.
Many wealthy art merchants pumped in huge amounts of money were to buy valuable renaissance paintings and wall decor ideas this caused a bit of conflict with the church as it was now called a mere “patron”.
The origin of Renaissance art can be easily dated back to the early 15th century. In Florence Italy, the Medici family made a successful impact on artwork development and significance with its funding and investment.
The papal family, were good admirers of art and sciences where they commissioned numerous artworks during the time.
Tempera was the major source of painting before the Renaissance era came and the substance had to be replaced with oil. Oil was much more flexible than Tempera in terms of durability and its stubbornness to crack.
Oil allowed for lighting, shadow, and realism in how it displayed nature-themed art. This painting method then began to spread throughout Italy as artists and audiences sought a better view of lighting and effects.
Some other artists like Piero Della Francesca felt that renaissance art can further be improved scientifically so as to diversify the artist’s work.
With the coming of new ideologies in reviving art, this period was a time where artists learned and engaged themselves in new forms of art such as line art, etc which helped bolster human development. This period has also influenced many art forms of today.
Renaissance art did not only shake the boundaries of modern art but also reinvented spirituality. Numerous other philosophies were then produced as a result of this impact.
Examples are humanism and Godliness. Florence was the city that gave birth to this form of art and that made Italy the major focus at that time.
Characteristics of Renaissance Art:
Revolutionizing linear perspectives
Renaissance art applied the use of mathematical terminologies and systems. This was used to redefine the outlook of art as a whole. Filippo Brunelleschi discovered this concept that involved mathematical ideas in terms of parallel and horizontal lines.
The successful architect also applied the vanishing point lines in order to create a profound system of spacing and depth in artwork. The point is defined as a horizontal line at eye level where the angle of the art view begins. This is why artists termed this as a “vanishing point”.
Mathematics is all about the study of shapes and sizes which were the major sources of modernizing renaissance art. This also gave birth to the three-dimensional effect in paintings. This also received a lot of praise from the audience and critics. This was because of the way figures and characters in their work reflected in both illusionistic and naturalistic forms.
This idea was applied by many renowned artists including art legend Leonardo Da Vinci. The Italian was brilliant in creating anatomical drawings of the human body in many breathtaking ways.
This was meant to effectively portray accuracy in drafting the human body in artworks and systems. He was said to also perform real-life autopsies on human corpses in order to have a clear understanding of bone, muscular, and organ structure.
He attempted 100% clarity in “border perspectives” and also attention-to-detail in both lighting and shadows. The Italian was indeed, both a formidable scientist and an excellent artist at the same time.
One of Da Vinci’s notable works that represented sheer naturalism and an obvious fascination with the human body as the “Vitruvian Man”, which was created in 1487. The imagery was a clear representation of human anatomy where the human arms and legs were spread out to fit into a perfect circle.
Another ground-breaking art that oozed naturalism was “David”. The nude art also represented the renaissance concept and changed many views of the human body as the most significant of all God’s creations. It was created by a famous artist, Michelangelo.
Exploration of art knowledge
As the world continues to evolve, so was art. Technology has gone all the way in touching all aspects of the world’s systems and art itself, is no exception to this change.
With the advent of technological innovation and discoveries, artists began to adopt such knowledge in their creations. It also inspired them to seek more ideas in his field and how to employ them.
Over the years, artists in Italy especially also became more curious in exploring the possibilities of applying natural feel into their work. They used maps, sea routes, and culture, which were also applied in sculpting, paintings, as well as architecture art.
Legendary artists, Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo were the major contributors to these ideas in Renaissance art. From generation to generation, it continued to evolve and that shaped the idea of art today.
Some philosophies like Humanism changed the idea of the relationship between man and his God. It then supported the notion that every human had total control of his/her relationship with God and the affairs of the Almighty, which was not only managed by the church alone.
A good example is Da Vinci’s “The Last Supper”. The renaissance art truly inspired emotional significance as well as religious inspiration and movement. This painting is still forced today.
Renaissance art could also be found in the sculpting field as well. Sculpting was also affected by this revolution. It drew more interest in archeology for classical sculptures.
Brunelleschi and Donatello were the artists that took interest in this philosophy.
They both applied arithmetic, geometry, history, and anatomy in their works.